I am a lover of Israel. And so it is with great love that I share the following: This summer has been a tough one for Israel. I am not talking about the Iran deal.
It started in June, when the Church of the Multiplication of Loaves and Fishes, one of the holiest sights in Israel for Christians, was burned down in an arson attack. Spray-painted on the wall were the words, in Hebrew, v’ha-elilim karot yikareitun – and their gods will be cut down, lifted out of our siddur from the prayer Aleinu.
On July 30, at the Jerusalem Gay Pride parade, an ultra-Orthodox man stabbed six people, one of whom, a teenage girl named Shira Banki, died. The murderer had been released from prison just three weeks previously after finishing a ten year sentence for stabbing several people at a gay pride parade in 2005.
The next day, Jewish arsonists firebombed the home of the Dawabsheh family in the Palestinian town of Duma, killing 18 month old Ali, and both of his parents. Four year old Ahmad is the only survivor, with burns covering 60% of his body. Hebrew graffiti was found on a nearby wall with the spray-painted words nekamah – “revenge,” and y’chi hamelekh ha-mashiach – “long live the the king, the messiah.”
These are not just stand-alone incidents. Over the last several years, there has been a rise in Jewish extremism and terrorism. Although often cloaked in religious garb, it is classic right-wing nationalism.
Without a doubt, these actions do not represent the attitudes of the vast majority of Israelis, or of Jews around the world. Politicians and national leaders from all parties, as well as leading Rabbis, were quick to publicly denounce violence, call for the criminals to be brought to justice, and pay condolence calls to the families of the victims. The Israeli public was appropriately outraged.
But when it comes to taking action, it is a different story. Israel has been slow to address the problem of Jewish extremism and racism.
Over the past three and a half years, more than forty churches and mosques have been burned in Israel, usually accompanied by biblical passages scrawled on a nearby wall. Until this past June’s attack, Israeli security services had not arrested a single person. No arrests have been made for the murder of the Dawabsheh family. Not a single Rabbi was detained for encouraging students to commit violence.
Do any of us have any doubts whatsoever about the capabilities of Israeli security services to take these kinds of Jewish hate-crimes seriously? Where were the task forces and undercover informants?
Just this summer, under pressure, the Shin Bet began using “Administrative Detention” to apprehend Jewish terrorist suspects. It is a tool that has been using against Palestinians, with great success, for many years. Why did they wait so long?
It did not happen earlier because there was no political will to do so. Policies by every single Israeli government for the past thirty five years to settle the West Bank with 400,000 Jews has quietly fanned the flames of Jewish nationalist extremism. The perpetrators are widely known to come from extreme religious nationalist settlements which often have a lot of political clout.
We cannot complain about moderate Muslims’ failure to take on Islamic extremism while we ignore our own Jewish extremism.
I know that some of us are thinking, ‘but what about all of the Islamic fundamentalism around the world? How can we even compare what a few religious wackos are doing to what is going in Syria, Iraq, Nigeria, and many other parts of the Muslim world?’ You are right, there is no comparison.
But they are not our own people. We are talking about family.
How do we, the American Jewish community, react when we hear about Jewish racism and Jewish terrorism?
There are some in the Jewish community that will never say anything critical of Israel, at least not publicly. Others have bought in to the anti-Zionist rhetoric that portrays Israel as a gross violator of human rights.
These two groups tend to be made up of the people who yell the loudest, creating what I suspect is a false depiction of a divided American Jewish community.
Anyone who says that Israel has a perfect human rights record is either blind or does not know what ethics is. Anyone who claims that Israel is one of the worst human rights abusers in the world is either naive or antisemitic.
Both extremists are guilty of the same assumption – that Israel must be perfect. Those who don’t see the blemishes and those who only see the blemishes are both blind.
But we can admit it: there are blemishes. Israel has some serious challenges. It struggles with poverty and unaffordable housing costs. It faces sharp social divides between different ethnic and religious streams. It has a problem with large numbers of immigrants trying to cross the border illegally. There is deeply-felt racism, conflict, and distrust between ethnic and religious groups. Hundreds of thousands of people who had lived on the land for generations were displaced when new immigrants arrived.
These problems should all sound familiar, because these are all challenges that are faced: here in America, as well as in Europe, South America, Asia, Africa, and Australia. In other words, nations, by definition, struggle to balance the pursuit of security and prosperity with the pursuit of justice and morality.
We don’t give up on America because it is not perfect. Nor should we give up on Israel because it is not perfect.
The Torah reading for this morning, the first day of Rosh Hashanah, begins with Isaac’s birth. Abraham circumcises his son on the eighth day, and then, at his weaning a few years later, throws a party on his behalf. At the party, Sarah, Isaac’s mother, sees Ishmael, Abraham’s other son, playing – m’tzachek. Something bothers her, and she tells her husband to banish Ishmael and his mother Hagar from the household, “for the son of that slave shall not share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.”
Abraham is distressed, but God reassures him that all will be okay. ‘Do what your wife tells you to do. I will make Ishmael the father of a great nation as well.’
Sarah and Abraham represent two distinct parental concerns. Sarah looks at Ishmael and sees in him a threat. One midrash explains that Ishmael was bragging that he, as the eldest son, would receive a double inheritance. Other commentators suggest that the word m’tzachek implies that Ishmael was involved in idolatry, and that Sarah was concerned that he would be a corrupting influence. Sarah is the mother who will protect her son from any perceived outside threat, regardless of collateral damage.
Abraham, in contrast, is concerned about the effect that favoring Isaac will have on Hagar and Ishmael. He knows that that there will be a personal and moral toll if he defends Isaac at all costs. He understands Sarah’s desire to protect her son, but he also sees the suffering that will ensue on the part of Hagar and Ishmael. So he is paralyzed, unable to take action until God breaks the stalemate in his conscience by assuring Abraham that Ishmael will not only survive, but will thrive. In the end, God affirms both Sarah’s protectiveness of Isaac and Abraham’s concern for Ishmael.
When I think about Israel today, I hear Sarah and Abraham’s voices arguing in my mind and in my heart.
We have got to look out for the Jewish people, because if we do not, nobody else will. And, we have to be concerned with morality in our treatment of the other.
In a perfect world, there would be no contradiction between these two values. In a perfect world, Sarah and Abraham would be of one mind when it came to matters affecting their son. In an almost perfect world, God would step in to offer a solution when our self-protection conflicts with our ethics.
Alas, we do not live in a perfect world, or even a near-perfect world.
As I said earlier, I am a lover of Israel. But there are different kinds of love.
Any good love affair begins with infatuation. Our beloved glows. Everything she does is perfect.
After Israel gained independence in 1948, Jews around the world were infatuated. Israel could do no wrong. What was the narrative? Israel had risen out of the ashes of the Holocaust. The New Jewish soldier-farmers fought a scrappy war of Independence against all odds to enable the Jewish people to come out of exile and reclaim our place in history.
In 1967, Israel’s sneak attack and victory against menacing Arab armies created an illusion of invincibility. It was David against Goliath, and we were David.
In 1982, that image began to crumble. Israel invaded another country in a war that was optional. It was not, like the others, a fight for survival. The IDF found itself an occupying power in Southern Lebanon. Atrocities were committed. While Israeli soldiers looked the other way, Lebanese Christian Phalangists murdered over two thousand civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in Beirut.
International condemnation followed, and the Israeli public was furious. Ariel Sharon, the Defense Minister at the time, was found to be personally responsible by an Israeli commission of inquiry, and was forced to resign.
The Lebanon war was followed a few years later by the First Intifada, Oslo, the Second Intifada, The Gaza pullout and subsequent wars with Hamas. You know the stories.
It has been a complicated thirty years in which Israel is no longer David to the Arabs’ Goliath. Israel has struggled to balance security and morality as a powerful nation with dangerous enemies and sovereignty over people who refuse to accept it.
And all of this occurs in the spotlight, under a magnifying glass. I do not need to tell you this. So what kind of love do we bring with us?
For those of you (I do have to exclude myself) born before 1967, your foundational memories of Israel are of a nation that can do no wrong. The American Jewish community, especially after the Six Day War, was infatuated.
But for those of you born after 1982 (again, I have to exclude myself) – the only Israel you have known is one that has struggled, in the most public way, with being depicted as an immoral aggressor. You never had a chance to experience infatuation and fall in love.
In recent years, the rise of the BDS movement on many college campuses has created such an oppressive atmosphere for Jewish students, that some feel the need to hide their identity, and not get involved in Jewish life altogether. The rest are put in the position, as 18-22 year olds, of defending Israel on behalf of the rest of the American Jewish community. It is a tremendously unfair burden.
Some American Jews are so turned off by all of the attention that they check out. Why should I care? Why should I get emotionally invested in something that attracts so much conflict? For those Jews, Israel does not play much of a role in their identity.
That is unfortunate. Israel has been central to the Jewish people throughout our existence. When God first spoke to Abraham, it was to send him to an unknown Promised Land where his descendants would one day constitute a nation that would serve as a blessing to the world. When our ancestors left Egypt, their destination was Israel. At the Covenant at Mount Sinai, we committed to accepting the Torah and the mitzvot and God committed to settling us in the land of Israel in peace and prosperity.
And so, Ahavat Yisrael, the love of Israel, both the people and the land, has been central to Jewish identity from our formation as a family, as a religion, and as a nation.
But what kind of love?
Not infatuation that blinds us to seeing our beloved as she truly is. Real love is not blind. Real love requires our eyes to be wide open. Real love is conditional. I love you because of who you are, not regardless of who you are.
So what would a mature, lasting love of Israel look like?
On Rosh Hashanah, as we celebrate the beginning of the new year, we engage in Cheshbon HaNefesh, taking stock of our souls – not just as individuals, but also as a people. What does Cheshbon HaNegesh mean on a national scale?
It means lively and respectful debate about where we are as a Jewish people, here in our local community, in America, and as a global Jewish community. Israel, as our eternal homeland, must be part of that debate.
Unfortunately, so many aspects of Israel have become polarized. If you are a Republican, then you are against the Iran deal, against Obama, and for Netanyahu. If you are a Democrat, you are for the Iran deal, for Obama, and against Netanyahu. We have to reject this kind of “issue packaging.” A person can be against the Iran deal and still like Obama. A person can be for the Iran deal and against the settlements. It is possible to be disappointed in both Netanyahu and Obama, or to be fans of both (not very likely). We have allowed the loudest voices to polarize the Jewish community in a very unhealthy way.
Let me tell you about the Israel I love. As you may know, my family and I recently returned from a five month sabbatical, most of which we spent living in Israel, so I’ve had a lot of time recently to think about this.
I love that Israel provides an opportunity for the Jewish people to bring the values of our tradition into the real world. When we read the Bible and pay close attention, we realize that Jewish sovereignty in the Bible ultimately failed. The Torah presents a model of a society that, in addition to an elaborate system of ritual worship, emphasizes justice, ethical social and economic interactions, and righteous treatment of all members of society, including resident non-Israelites. The biblical Prophets are constantly railing against both the leaders and the populace for failing to live up to the standards established by the Torah.
The modern State of Israel, as a democratic Jewish State, offers us an opportunity to bring Jewish values into the world, with all of the messy challenges that are entailed. And while not perfect, I think Israel’s record is pretty strong, especially considering how many challenges it faces.
I also love the expansion of interest in Jewish life that has been taking place in Israel in recent years. More and more secular Israelis are turning back to our religious tradition and our texts for spiritual fulfillment. In contrast to a shrinking non-Orthodox Judaism in America, the liberal movements in Israel are growing.
I love all the ways that usually go unreported that different groups interact with each other positively. In June, Dana and I participated in the Zarzir Night Run. Zarzir is a Bedouin Village in the Jezreel Valley close to where we lived in Kibbutz Chanaton. Our kids drove through Zarzir every day on their way to and from school. On full moons during the summer time, a running store on the outskirts of Zarzir hosts a night run on paths through the fields. Well over a thousand men and women showed up, including religious Jews, secular Jews, and Arabs.
I love that Israel is expanding it’s national parks, and making them more accessible. I love that Hebrew has been revived as a spoken language. I love that Israel has an entire month dedicated to books. I love Israeli pop music.
There are also ways in which I wish Israel did better, and it is love that makes me care so much about where Israel is off the mark.
I am horrified that there are racist Jews, and even more so that there are members of our people who commit terror. And I am disappointed that Israel’s leaders have been so slow to do anything about it.
I wish that the government supported education equally for all Israelis. Currently, there are different funding levels depending on which public school system a child is learning in. Arab Israeli students receive far less education spending than their Jewish counterparts. That is wrong.
I cannot stand that the Rabbanut is allowed to impose its will on the rest of the country in matters pertaining to marriage, divorce, and conversion. I wish the Israeli government recognized the rights of non-Orthodox movements so that, for example, a wedding officiated by one of my Masorti colleagues would be recognized by the State.
I wish the government did not continue to encourage new Jewish settlement in the West Bank. I think it makes peace more difficult and sends unspoken messages that encourage extremist behavior.
Israel is a complex country that is far from perfect. And yet, to me, it is special and unique. I think it ought to be that way for all Jews. So I am not asking any of us to love everything. I am asking all of us to find what it is that we love about Israel, and love it even more. And if we can identify aspects of Israel that we think are off the mark, it is ok to disagree, as long as we are not disagreeable.