What a difficult week it has been! I would like to begin by remembering our brothers and sister who were murdered al kiddush hashem on Tuesday this week in the shooting at the Jewish grocery store in Jersey City. We remember veteran police officer Detective Joseph Seals, who bravely laid down his life in the line of duty, when he tried to stop the attackers. He leaves behind a wife and five children. We mourn the deaths of 32 year old Mindy Ferencz, who co-owned the grocery store with her husband. She leaves behind three children. Moshe Deutsch was a 24 year old rabbinical student from Brooklyn. Douglas Miguel Rodriguez was an employee at the grocery store. 49 years old, he immigrated from Ecuador and leaves behind a wife and two children. These innocent civilians, may their memory be a blessing, were targeted for no reason other than that they were in a Jewish grocery store.
Sadly, these antisemitic acts of violence are becoming all too common. This most recent attack reminds us that antisemitism exists in many different elements in society. It is real, growing, and becoming more violent.
Although the timing is coincidental, the next day, the President signed an Executive Order instructing federal agencies to apply the same prohibitions “against…forms of discrimination rooted in anti-Semitism” as it does to discrimination based on race, color or national origin. The Executive Order is based on the bipartisan Anti-Semitism Awareness Act of 2019, which is still going through Congress. There has been some confusion around what the Executive Order means, so I will try to explain what it actually says.
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits any program or activity that receives Federal funding from discriminating on the basis of race, color, or national origin. Federal funds can be withheld if such discrimination is found to exist. Title VI explicitly excludes religion from its list of protections. The new Executive Order says that discrimination against Jews is to be included along with race, color, or national origin as a reason for withdrawing funding.
In other words, being Jewish is understood to be not just a religious identity. This is pretty much the same approach that the Obama Administration used, by the way. The new Executive Order differs substantively in just one way. It orders the consideration of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance’s definition of antisemitism. Both the E.U. and the U.N. have called upon all member nations to adopt this definition, and fourteen countries already have.
Criticism of Israel, of course, is not inherently antisemitic. The IHRA definition of Antisemitism includes the specification of ways in which criticism of Israel crosses the line. Examples include: the accusation that Jews have a dual loyalty, the use of classic antisemitic symbols to characterize Israel or Israelis, and “claiming that the existence of the State of Israel is a racist endeavor.” These can be considered by federal agencies when investigating a Title VI complaint. Pretty technical, and not clear whether it will result in any change in approach.
The particular focus of the Order is to protect Jewish students on many college campuses, who are tragically on the front lines of antisemitism in America. Those of us living in the suburbs are largely insulated. The opening section of the Order notes:
the rise of anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic incidents in the United States and around the world. Anti-Semitic incidents have increased since 2013, and students, in particular, continue to face anti-Semitic harassment in schools and on university and college campuses.https://www.scribd.com/document/439372691/Combating-Anti-Semitism-2019-Executive-Order#from_embed
The main purpose of the Executive Order is to enable federal funds to be withheld from colleges and universities that are not addressing antisemitism on campus.
What does it mean for Jewish identity to be included in the same category as “race, color, or national origin?” It feels like it could result in unintended consequences, but I do not know how else secular law could define it
I am not going to get into all of the explosive questions that are raised. What I would like to share is that, whenever I am asked to make a presentation to non-Jewish groups about Judaism, there is a particular point that I always try to make.
Judaism is not a religion in the way that we typically think of religions. If we polled our congregation, we would find significant numbers of members who would claim to be agnostic or atheist. These are proud Jews; Jews who attend synagogue regularly; Jews who enthusiastically participate in the Passover Seder and tell the story of the Exodus as their personal story. I am not aware of any religion in which someone who explicitly denies the existence of God can be considered to be a member. Judaism is clearly more than just a religion.
Judaism is not a race or a skin color. There are Jews from countries all over the world. We welcome converts as full members of the Jewish community, no matter their origins. Judaism has aspects of ethnicity and national identity, but the level of diversity in Judaism far exceeds that of any other ethnic or national group.
The truth is, Jewish identity is unique, which is why it is so difficult to describe.
Jews everywhere have shared history, embracing the same set of origin stories and myths. We all look to the Torah as our Sacred Text, although it means different things to different people. The religion of Judaism is an important part of Jewish identity, but not the only part.
The land of Israel has been a central focus for the Jewish people since Abraham, although its exact significance has always been open to interpretation. History, beliefs, texts, land: all of these are woven together to create the Jewish people. It is such a strong identity that we feel kinship with Jews everywhere. They are our brothers and sisters. When something happens to a Jew, it is personal. Whether in our own community, in New Jersey, in Israel, France, Russia, Argentina, or Uganda. Jews are family.
This is what I try to convey when I present Judaism 101.
Today, we are marking Legacy Shabbat. I want to state, clearly, that I am uncomfortable with using fear to encourage financial support. I prefer to focus on the countless positive reasons that make our institutions worthy of support.
I have tried to share how excited I get about the complicated question of how to define Judaism. Being Jewish involves so many dimensions. Both Sinai and Hillel are actively engaged in all aspects of Jewish identity on a daily basis. We serve diverse populations of people from many different backgrounds who share a common Jewish identity.
We are committed to embracing our shared history, providing for religious commitment and growth, deepening our connection to Israel, and cultivating solidarity with our Jewish brothers and sisters around the world.
We are here to make Judaism thrive. That is why the Silicon Valley Jewish Community Legacy Project is so important. It is a cooperative program among synagogues and Jewish agencies in the South Bay, including Congregation Sinai and Hillel of Silicon Valley. This is how the program works.
First of all, let me say, “We should have good health and live to be 120. Pooh, pooh, pooh.”
When the end comes, we are likely to leave assets behind. The Legacy Project is a commitment to leave some portion of your estate to Congregation Sinai, Hillel, or any of the other Jewish institutions in the area.
There are a number of ways that you could set this up.
You could name Sinai as a beneficiary in your Will, Living Trust, IRA, Retirement Plan, or Life Insurance policy. You could set it up so that Sinai would receive a specified amount of money, or a certain percentage. You could bequest a real estate holding to Congregation Sinai.
The Silicon Valley Jewish Community Legacy Project is organized through the Federation. All that it involves is filling out a single piece of paper—a “Declaration of Intent.” This lets Sinai, Hillel, and any other organization that you have designated know that it has been named as a beneficiary.
Then, it is up to you to make the arrangements in your own Estate planning.
When Congregation Sinai or Hillel receives funds from a Legacy Gift—and it should be many years from now—it will add them to its Endowment Fund. The principal will remain intact, and the interest will provide financial support every single year, indefinitely. This will serve as your legacy to future generations.
Legacy giving by members and friends of Sinai is going to be the most important source of funds to cover the increasing costs of operating the synagogue.
If you want Congregation Sinai to be a place of worship, learning, and gathering for future generations, joining the Sinai Legacy Project is the single most effective thing that you can do. It is really quite simple, and will not cost you anything.
To those who have already made a Legacy commitment, “Todah Rabbah.” To those who have not, I am asking you straight up: “Will you make a Legacy Commitment to Congregation Sinai and to Hillel of Silicon Valley? Will you do it in the next two and half weeks, before the end of 2019?”
I hope you will join Dana and I in making that commitment.